Question: When we were chosen for salvation?
Answer: Before the foundation of the world.
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ…. Eph. 1:3-5a
Question: Who did God choose before the foundation of the world? Jew only, Gentile only, or Jew and Gentile alike?
Answer: Jew and Gentile alike.
Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh … remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. Eph. 2:11-12
This mystery is that the Gentiles are fellow heirs, members of the same body, and partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel….This was according to the eternal purpose that he has realized in Christ Jesus our Lord…. Eph. 3:6-11
Question: How were the Gentiles to participate in salvation?
Answer: By participating in the covenants of promise made to Israel; by being united to the commonwealth of Israel. By being “brought near.”
Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh, …remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. Eph 2:11-13
Question: Does God have one people or two?
“There is one body and one Spirit–just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call– one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.” Eph. 4:4-6
Question: In light of having been saved, what kind of lives ought we to live?
Answer: Live of holiness and blamelessness, striving to imitate Christ in all that we do.
I therefore…urge you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling to which you have been called…. [Y]ou must no longer walk as the Gentiles do…. They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart.…
Put off your old self, which belongs to your former manner of life and is corrupt through deceitful desires… Put on the new self, created after the likeness of God in true righteousness and holiness. Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children.
Walk as children of light (for the fruit of light is found in all that is good and right and true), and try to discern what is pleasing to the Lord. Take no part in the unfruitful works of darkness, but instead expose them. … Look carefully then how you walk, not as unwise but as wise…. Eph. 4:1 – 5:15
Question: Where do we find the way of light?
Answer: It is portrayed in the laws of God and in the life of Jesus who lived out those laws perfectly.
For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life. Proverbs 6:23
Oh how I love your law! It is my meditation all the day.
How sweet are your words to my taste, sweeter than honey to my mouth!
Through your precepts I get understanding; therefore I hate every false way.
Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.
Accept my freewill offerings of praise, O LORD, and teach me your rules.
Your testimonies are my heritage forever, for they are the joy of my heart.
I incline my heart to perform your statutes forever, to the end.
Depart from me, you evildoers, that I may keep the commandments of my God.” Psalm 119:97-115
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. John 1:14
Question: Does God have one way of life for the Gentile and a different way of life for the Jew?
Answer: There is one law which condemns all, whether Jew or Gentile, if they do not follow it; likewise there is one law which instructs all, whether Jew or Gentile, once they become children of God.
There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you. Ex. 12:49
One law and one rule shall be for you and for the stranger who sojourns with you. Num. 15:16
For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. … Though they know God’s decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them. Rom. 1:16-18, 32
Question: Where is the decree of God that Paul refers to in Romans 1:32?
Answer: In the Torah. In what are called the 10 Commandments and in the specific laws of moral import. For example:
Though they know God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them. Romans 1:32
You shall not lie with a male as with a woman; it is an abomination. Lev. 18:22
“You shall not steal; you shall not deal falsely; you shall not lie to one another. Lev. 19:11
Question: What is sin?
Answer: Sin is lawlessness; sin is falling short of the glorious perfection of God.
Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. 1 John 3:4
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. Romans 3:23
A quote from John Wesley:
I am afraid this great and important truth is little understood, not only by the world, but even by many whom God has taken out of the world, who are real children of God by faith.
Many of these lay it down as an unquestioned truth, that when we come to Christ, we have done with the law; and that, in this sense, “Christ is the end of the law to everyone that believeth.”
The “end of the law:” so he is, “for righteousness,” for justification, “to everyone that believeth.” Herein the law is at an end. It justifies none, but only brings them to Christ; who is also, in another respect, the end or scope of the law, — the point at which it continually aims.
But when it has brought us to him it has yet a farther office, namely, to keep us with him. For it is continually exciting all believers, the more they see of its height, and depth, and length, and breadth, to exhort one another so much the more —